Myopia, or nearsightedness, is a refractive error of the eye that leads to distant objects appearing blurry while nearby objects remain clear. It occurs when the cornea’s curvature is too steep, or the eye’s length is too long. Essentially, if you have myopia, it means the light entering your eye focuses in front of the retina instead of on it.
Sitting too close to the TV or needing to sit close to the board at school
Headaches or fatigue
Diagnosis of Myopia
Myopia is diagnosed during a comprehensive eye exam. Children should have their eyes examined every year once they enter school, not only monitor their vision for changes but also to assess their ocular health.
Most often, myopia is managed with prescription eyeglasses or contact lenses. These prescription lenses correct the refraction of light as it enters the eye, focusing the light directly on the retina. For some, glasses may only need to be worn for certain activities, such as driving or watching TV. Others may require them more often, depending on the severity of their myopia.
There are many ways myopia progression can be slowed or delayed in children. The most effective method for your child depends on their ocular health and development. The best place to start is to bring your child in for a comprehensive eye exam. Some myopia control options include:
Corneal refractive therapy (CRT) reshapes the cornea with the aid of orthokeratology (Ortho-K) contact lenses. These lenses, which are worn while sleeping, are designed to flatten the curve of the cornea, reducing the need to wear glasses during the day.